Joan Miró was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
The son of a blacksmith and jeweller, he was among the first artists to develop automatic drawing which was the beginning of Surrealism as an art movement. Surrealist automatism is a method of art making in which the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process, allowing the unconscious mind to have great sway.
Ernest Hemingway was a fan and once went around all the bars he knew in Paris to raise the funds for a final payment on a painting he had bought from Miró.
Sensitive to the condition of the world, at times Miró found himself unable to draw anything but monsters. The margins of his sketchbooks are populated with visions of nightmarish couplings and weird subhuman bodies.
Painting (Birds and Insects) 1938
Bleu II (Blue II) 1961
Dragonfly With Red-Tipped Wing / Libellule Aux Ailerons Rouge 1951